Plantar fasciitis is a disorder in the foot that impacts the ligament which runs from your heel to the ball of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is probably the most common causes of discomfort in the heel and feet which leads to a sharp pain you might experience with your first steps out of bed each day. When your foot warms up the pain will usually get better. Even so, after standing on your feet for long periods of time, or sitting for lengthy periods and then standing up again, the pain comes back. The discomfort comes from the plantar fascia, or extended thin ligament that can be found directly beneath the skin of your foot and connects the heel to the ball of the foot. The purpose is to secure the arch of the foot.
Probably the most common reasons for plantar fasciitis is foot arch disorders. Individuals with flat feet or who have highly arched feet can both experience a greater possibility of this pain as the plantar fascia is unusually sprained or tight to provide the impact moderation to the foot. Overpronation during walking and running will also make the foot to flatten abnormally in the course of physical activity. Biomechanical issues of the foot also can result in overpronation and stretching out of the plantar fascia. These issues include ankle tightness (limited ankle motion), forefoot invertus, leg length differences and tibia vara (bit of a bow leg). Long distance runners or people who suddenly change the level of miles they are running – like runners, soccer players, basketball athletes or weekend warriors – are at risk for plantar fasciitis due to the immediate alteration of mileage or intensity. Footwear which do not provide the correct arch support to the feet – particularly for individuals who have overpronation – might add to the risk of acquiring the condition. Unexpected weight gain like in pregnancy, or those who are overweight or obese will also gain a greater probability of plantar fasciitis.
During examination and while suggesting therapy your doctor may identify that your Achilles tendon is tight. This kind of limited tendon may also place unnecessary stress on the fascia and increase the chance of development as well as slow the recovery from plantar fasciitis. A tight calf muscle or Achilles tendon can provide an environment where there's high velocity pronation that creates a repeated overstretching of the plantar fascia. The discomfort from the ailment generally builds up slowly and gradually over time and not all of a sudden. Your doctor might also want to take x-rays or bone scan of your foot to make certain that the bone had not fractured, so you were also troubled with a stress fracture of the rearfoot.